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|Product Name:||Coluracetam||Other Name:||MKC-231; BCI-540|
|Molecular Formula:||C19H23N3O3||Molecular Weight:||341.4042|
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Sarms Raw Powder Coluracetam / MKC-231/ BCI-540 CAS 135463-81-9 Legal Nootropics Powder
Coluracetam is a nootropics agent of the racetam family.It is often touted for its memory boosting effects and for its effects on manic depression and anxiety. Although Coluracetam is mainly associated with these benefits, it has also been reported to boost optic properties.It may also have potential use in prevention and treatment of ischemic retinopathy and retinal and optic nerve injury.
Coluracetam is a racetam that affects acetylcholine, indirectly. Coluracetam is a high affinity choline uptake enhancer. This activity of the drug increases the efficiency of cholinergic neurons. Most drugs used to treat Alzheimer's increase acetylcholine, because this neurotransmitter is tightly linked to learning and memory.
As with many of the racetam compounds, Coluracetam elevates the body's choline uptake, while also increasing the uptake in damaged neurons. The compound targets and interacts with the high affinity choline uptake (HACU) process, which is the mechanism for absorbing choline into neurons. The uptake increase happens during the Acetylcholine synthesis process.
Because Coluracetam improves the preservation of choline during this process, the result is that a larger amount of choline is converted into Acetylcholine. The beneficial yield from the process incudes an increased amount of attention and alertness, along with improvements to memory.
Research shows that Coluracetam also improves α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPA) potentiation, a receptor for glutamate that aids in synaptic transmission in the central nervous system process that boosts alertness and cognitive functions.
Studies show that Coluracetam shows the greatest potential in treating both general anxiety and clinical depression. Other studies show that the compound also shows promise in the treatment of optic nerve and retinal injury.
Memory and Learning
Coluracetam is shown to improve cognitive function and memory in rats, and in theory, the same results are expected in human beings. A study conducted by BrainCells Inc, showed a memory improvement in rats who were given substance AF64A (a neuron-specific neurotoxin) for 8 days along with Coluracetam in 3mg doses. These rats were put through the standardized Morris Water Maze to mark their ability to get through it, and even up to 72 hours after the last 8mg dose, they were still able to. Another key finding of this study was that the results were still apparent 3 days after the last dose, even though the serum concentration of Coluracetam was negligible.
Depression and Anxiety
BrainCells Inc, found that a dosage of 240mg (split into three daily doses of 80mg) was useful in treating major depression co-morbid with GAD (generalized anxiety disorder). However, the differences were most pronounced in those who didn't find relief in using standard antidepressants. After one dose, there were no noticeable differences, but after 2 doses at 80mg, 36% had improved scores during a depression assessment test.
Coluracetam has been associated with optic benefits such as enhanced color vision, recognition and vividness. Although there isn't any conclusive evidence to support the mechanisms behind this benefit, experts believe that Coluracetam works in the part of the brain that runs visual processes.
Since the study subjects were rats, there aren't any recommended human dosages, but there is a general guideline for conversion.
In rats, the dosage ranged between 1 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg per day. By using allometric scaling, the dose becomes 2.9 mg/kg in humans, so the average dose should not exceed 203.5 mg daily for someone in a typical weight class.
There isn't information to indicate toxicity of Coluracetam, although doses given at the above increments showed no negative side effects. If you haven't used a nootropic before, you may develop headache after use, which is a common in first time users. By stacking the Coluracetam with Choline, you'll reduce this risk.
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