Analgesia, Sedation and Central Muscle Relaxation Drug Raw Powder Xylazine Hydrochloride CAS: 23076-35-9

Basic Information
Place of Origin: CHINA
Brand Name: TINGYI
Certification: GMP , ISO 9001:2008
Model Number: 23076-35-9
Minimum Order Quantity: 10g
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Packaging Details: Stealth And Discreet Packaging
Delivery Time: Within 7 Working Days
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Supply Ability: 100 KG/Month
Product Name: Xylazine Hydrochloride CAS: 23076-35-9
MF: C12H17ClN2S MW: 256.79
EINECS: 245-417-0 Storage Temp: −20°C
Appearance: White Powder
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Analgesia, Sedation and Central Muscle Relaxation Drug Raw Powder Xylazine Hydrochloride CAS: 23076-35-9 0

 

Product Name: Xylazine Hydrochloride
Synonyms: celactal;rompun;xylazinechloride;XYLAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE VETRANAL, 100 MG;XYLAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE, USP STANDARD;XYLAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE, EP STANDARD;XYLAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE, MM(CRM STANDARD);XYLAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE, IMP. A (EP): 2,6-DIMETHYLANILINE MM(CRM STANDARD)
CAS: 23076-35-9
MF: C12H17ClN2S
MW: 256.79
EINECS: 245-417-0
XYLAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE Structure
 
XYLAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE Chemical Properties
Melting point 150-164?C (dec.)
storage temp. −20°C
form neat
Water Solubility Soluble in water
Merck 14,10080
BRN 6448471
 
Safety Information
Hazard Codes T
Risk Statements 25-36/37/38
Safety Statements 26-36/37/39-45
RIDADR 2811
WGK Germany -
RTECS XJ0776350
HazardClass 6.1(b)
PackingGroup III
HS Code 29349990
 
 
Usage And Synthesis
Chemical Properties Off-White Solid
Uses Xylazine HCl is α2 class of adrenergic receptor agonist. As with other α2 agonists, adverse effects include bradycardia, conduction disturbances, and myocardial depression. It is a clonidine analoque. It acts on presynaptic and postsynaptic receptors of t
Uses Xylazine is used as a sedative, analgesic, muscle relaxant.

 

 

 

Pharmacology
Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine), a non-narcotic compound, is a sedative and analgesic as well as muscle relaxant. Its sedative and analgesic activity is related to central nervous system depression. Its muscle relaxant effect is based on inhibition of the intraneural transmission of impulses in the central nervous system. The principal pharmacological activities develop within 10 to 15 minutes after intramuscular injection in horses and Cervidae, and within 3 to 5 minutes following intravenous administration in horses.

A sleeplike state, the depth of which is dose-dependent, is usually maintained for 1 to 2 hours, while analgesia lasts from 15 to 30 minutes. The centrally-acting muscle relaxant effect causes relaxation of the skeletal musculature, complementing sedation and analgesia.

In horses and Cervidae under the influence of Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine), the respiratory rate is reduced as in natural sleep. Following treatment with Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine), the heart rate is decreased and a transient change in the conductivity of the cardiac muscle may occur, as evidenced by a partial atrioventricular block. This resembles the atrioventricular block often observed in normal horses.1,2,3,4 Partial A-V block may occasionally occur following intramuscular injection of Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine). When given intravenously in horses, the incidence of partial A-V block is higher. Intravenous administration causes a transient rise in blood pressure in horses, followed by a slight decrease.

Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine) has no effect on blood clotting time or other hematologic parameters.

Xylazine HCl Injection Indications
Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine) should be used in horses and Cervidae (Fallow Deer, Mule Deer, Sika Deer, White-Tailed Deer and Elk) when it is desirable to produce a state of sedation accompanied by a shorter period of analgesia.

 

Horses: Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine) has been used successfully as follows:

1. Diagnostic procedures - oral and ophthalmic examinations, abdominal palpation, rectal palpation, vaginal examination, catheterization of the bladder and radiographic examinations.

2. Orthopedic procedures, such as application of casting materials and splints.

3. Dental procedures.

4. Minor surgical procedures of short duration such as debridement, removal of cutaneous neoplasms and suturing of lacerations.

5. To calm and facilitate handling of fractious animals.

6. Therapeutic medication for sedation and relief of pain following injury or surgery.

7. Major surgical procedures:

a. When used as a preanesthetic to general anesthesia.

b. When used in conjunction with local anesthetics.



Cervidae: Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine) may be used for the following:

1. To calm and facilitate handling of fractious animals.

2. Diagnostic procedures.

3. Minor surgical procedures.

4. Therapeutic medication for sedation and relief of pain following injury or surgery.

5. As a preanesthetic to local anesthesia. Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine) at the recommended dosages can be used in conjunction with local anesthetics, such as procaine or lidocaine.

Xylazine HCl Injection Dosage And Administration


Horses:

1. Dosage: Intravenously - 0.5 mL/100 lbs body weight (0.5 mg/lb). Intramuscularly - 1.0 mL/100 lbs body weight (1.0 mg/lb). Following injection of Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine) the animal should be allowed to rest quietly until the full effect has been reached. These dosages produce sedation which is usually maintained for 1 to 2 hours, and analgesia which lasts for 15 to 30 minutes.

2. Preanesthetic to Local Anesthesia: Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine) at the recommended dosages can be used in conjunction with local anesthetics, such as procaine or lidocaine.

3. Preanesthetic to General Anesthesia: Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine) at the recommended dosage rates produces an additive effect to central nervous system depressants such as pentobarbital sodium, thiopental sodium and thiamyl sodium. Therefore, the dosage of such compounds should be reduced and administered to the desired effect. In general, only 1/3 to 1/2 of the calculated dosage of the barbiturates will be needed to produce a surgical plane of anesthesia. Post-anesthetic or emergence excitement has not been observed in animals preanesthetized with Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine).

Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine) has been used successfully as a preanesthetic agent for pentobarbital sodium, thiopental sodium, thiamylal sodium, nitrous oxide, ether, halothane, glyceryl guaiacolate and methoxyflurane anesthesia.

 

Cervidae:

Administer intramuscularly, either by hand syringe or syringe dart, in the heavy muscles of the croup or shoulder.

 

Dosage Range:
Fallow Deer (Dama dama)-2.0 to 4.0 mL/100 lbs body weight (2.0 to 4.0 mg/lb).

Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)-1.0 to 2.0 mL/100 lbs body weight (1.0 to 2.0 mg/lb).

Sika Deer (Cervus nippon)-1.0 to 2.0 mL/100 lbs body weight (1.0 to 2.0 mg/lb).

White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)-1.0 to 2.0 mL/100 lbs body weight (1.0 to 2.0 mg/lb).

Elk (Cervus canadensis)-0.25 to 0.5 mL/100 lbs body weight (0.25 to 0.5 mg/lb).

Following injection of Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine) the animal should be allowed to rest quietly until the full effect has been reached. These dosages produce sedation which is usually maintained for 1 to 2 hours and analgesia which lasts for 15 to 30 minutes.

 

Side Effects:
Xylazine HCl Injection (xylazine) in horses and Cervidae, used at recommended dosage levels may occasionally cause slight muscle tremors, bradycardia with partial A-V heart block and a reduced respiratory rate. Movement in response to sharp auditory stimuli may be observed.

In horses, sweating, rarely profuse, has been reported following administration. In Cervidae, salivation, various vocalizations (bellowing, bleating, groaning, grunting, snoring) on expiration, audible grinding of molar teeth, protruding tongue and elevated temperatures have also been noted in some cases.

 

Precautions:
Careful consideration should be given before administering to horses and Cervidae with significantly depressed respiration, severe pathologic heart disease, advanced liver or kidney disease, severe endotoxic or traumatic shock and stress conditions such as extreme heat, cold, high altitude or fatigue.

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